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Human Trafficking Definitions

HUMAN TRAFFICKING - movement of a person from one place to another, within a country or across borders, into conditions of exploitation against their will. An Action the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a person. A means the threat or use of force or other form of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power, a position of vulnerability, giving or receiving of payments or benefits to control a person for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation which can include slavery, forced labour or services, servitude, forces criminality, sexual exploitation or the removal of organs.

CHILD TRAFFICKING - Young people (under 18) moved either internationally or domestically so they can be exploited.

DEBT BONDAGE - Victims forced to work to pay off debts that realistically they never will be able to pay. Low wages and increased debts mean not only that they cannot ever hope to pay off the loan, but the debt may be passed down to their children and other family members.

FORCED LABOUR - Victims forced to work against their will, often working very long hours for little or no pay in dire conditions under verbal or physical threats of violence to them or their families. It can happen in many sectors of our economy, from agriculture to mining to tarmacking, hospitality and food packaging. There used to be perception that trafficking was only for sexual exploitation. Now labour exploitation is becoming recognised as a serious, pervasive and increasing issue within the UK.

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION - Victims forced to perform non-consensual or abusive sexual acts against their will, such as prostitution in brothels, massage parlours, above shops, in escort work and pornography. Whilst women and children make up the majority of victims, men can also be affected. Adults are coerced often under the threat of force, or another penalty.

CRIMINAL EXPLOITATION - Often controlled and maltreated, victims are forced into crimes such as cannabis cultivation, benefit fraud, stealing, pick pocketing or begging against their will. There are cases where parents move their children to the UK and train them to steal. In some cultures the art of stealing is revered, and the child wants to do it. There is no coercion/deception. However, under the Palermo Principle it is still human trafficking because a child is involved and a child cannot consent to such activities.

DOMESTIC SERVITUDE - Victims are forced to carry out housework, domestic chores and looking after children in private households with little or no pay, restricted movement, very limited or no free time and minimal privacy often sleeping where they work. Often cut off from the outside world, they may be allowed to go shopping or to pick up children from school.

ORGAN HARVESTING - Although there have been no convictions or recorded cases of organ harvesting in the UK, we believe it does still occur.

FORCED MARRIAGE & FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION - Victims forced to marry someone against their will, sometimes for the purposes of gaining citizenship for the person they marry and sometimes for other reasons, or females forced to undergo painful and dangerous procedures on their genitalia for no medical reason whatsoever.