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Human Trafficking

Human trafficking is the movement of a person from one place to another into conditions of exploitation. It is possible to be a victim of trafficking even if your consent has been given to being moved.

The victim can find themselves in a foreign country where they may not speak the language well, may not have any relevant documents and are too frightened to go to authorities even if they are able to escape.

Human trafficking, including the trafficking of children, is often involved in Modern Slavery but not always.

The Act of Trafficking (what is done):

  • Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons.

The Means (how it is done):

  • Threat or use of force
  • coercion
  • abduction
  • fraud
  • deception
  • abuse of power or vulnerability
  • or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim

The Purpose (why it is done):

For the purpose of exploitation, which includes:

  • exploiting prostitution of others
  • sexual exploitation
  • forced labour
  • slavery or similar practices and the removal of organs or body tissue.

Methods used by traffickers to encourage victims include:

  • Psychological and physical abuse, including rape
  • false employment offers
  • idea of a better quality of life
  • threats
  • abduction
  • deception

Some of the instances victims may find themselves subject to include:

  • Poverty
  • limited social contact
  • lack of education
  • passports or documents held by someone else
  • no days off or holiday time
  • limited contact with family
  • lack of access to earnings and medical care

Trafficking is not an immigration crime

Trafficking is a crime against a person

Immigration crime is a crime against the State


If you suspect someone may be at risk of Modern Slavery telephone 101 to report it to us, or if someone is in immediate danger always call 999.

Click here to view Modern Slavery Leaflet [3MB]

Click here to view UK Slavery Infographic [809KB]